Cape Town, alternatively known as the Mother City, Kaapstad and iKapa, is Africa's southernmost metropole and South Africa's oldest city. Cape Town has a population of about 6,600,000 and 3.5 million living in the city and 3.1 in the metropolitian area. The Cape Town of today is a vibrant, cosmopolitan city that is fast establishing itself as one of the most popular holiday destinations in the world.
Its importance stretches from its role in the political upheavals of the past, its association with great leaders like Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Tutu, medical and other research, education, trade and industry, tourism, sport, biodiversity, eco-sensibility and conservation.
In the 1990s a lot of emphasis was put on restoration and rehabilitation of the city, while the past few years have seen the gradual repopulation of the CBD, with many office buildings being converted to upmarket residential blocks. Most building activity is now confined to the eastern and northern reaches of the metropole.